Galveston, Texas

The city of Galveston is situated on Galveston Island, a barrier island that is made up mostly of sand-sized particles and smaller amounts of finer mud sediments and larger gravel-sized sediments on the Texas Gulf coast near the mainland coast. The city is about 45 miles (72 km) southeast of downtown Houston.

On September 8, 1900, the island was struck by a devastating hurricane. This event holds the record as the United States' deadliest natural disaster.The city was devastated, and an estimated 6,000 to 8,000 people on the island were killed. Following the storm, a 10-mile long, 17 foot high seawall was constructed to protect the city from floods and hurricane storm surge. A team of engineers designed the plan to raise much of the existing city to a sufficient elevation behind a seawall so that confidence in the city could be maintained.